TRANS AND SATURATED FATS

Continued from previous health blog what Are Trans Fats? Trans fats are the notorious fats that have been skewered in the media for the last decade, much to the urge of processed food manufacturers told of the dangerous fats that promote cardiovascular disease by raising LDL (bad) cholesterol and lowering HDL (good) cholesterol. Trans fats are a product of hydrogenating the double-bonded carbon linkages in fatty acids so they become fully saturated with hydrogen atoms, turning once healthy fats into saturated fats. Hydrogenation increases the shelf life, palatability, and texture of processed food but contributes to cardiovascular disease. Trans fats are also found in tiny amounts in meat and dairybut the amount is negligible. Trans fats are being phased out the American food supply but, in the meantime, avoid food that contains trans fats, such as: Coffee creamerCrackers, cookies , cakes, frozen pies , and other baked goodsFast foodFrozen pizzaReady-to-use frostingRefrigerated dough products (such as biscuits and cinnamon rolls) Trans fats are structurally different from ordinary saturated fat. They cause disease and should be avoided entirely. What Are Saturated Fats? Saturated fats are primarily found in animal products like meat and dairy, but there a few plant-based sources such as palm kernel oil, coconut oil, and cocoa butter (chocolate fat). These fats are solid at room temperature.Although coconut oil and cocoa butter have redeeming qualities, saturated fat from animal products should be avoided as it can raise blood cholesterol and increase the risk heart disease and stroke. If you’re trying to prevent or slow the development of cardiovascular disease, it’s imperative to keep your total daily saturated fat calories to no more than 6%. Chocolate is unique in that most of its saturated fat comes from stearic acid, which is a fatty acid that actually reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. If you do choose to include it in your diet, make sure the only fat in the ingredients is cocoa butter or stearic acid. Lower-quality chocolate usually includes milk fat or other saturated fats. To be continued.

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Vivvy Ikhena

Was an educator and student counsellor with Lagos State Millennium schools,Public and private with Fifteen years counseling experience. Now a skincar...

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